Since 2017, several initiatives have been implemented in Canada, including multiagency programs, called hubs or situational tables and multidisciplinary teams that involve practitioners from diverse disciplines, sectors, and/or agencies (e.g., social services, mental health, civil society organizations, law enforcement, education) to work collaboratively on risk assessment and interventions. In 2019, CPN-PREV conducted a Canada-wide mapping of existing initiatives, which documented many advantages, as well as significant challenges. A few particular challenges stood out:
PVR multiagency programs and multidisciplinary teams in Canada are very young (two years at most), where actors work in silos, and in small local and non-specialized networks, with little or no specific training (Hassan et al., 2019). There are also large areas in the country where these resources could not be identified or where frontline practitioners work without any support. In addition, none of these programs included a system for data collection upon which they can be meaningfully evaluated. This makes it impossible to establish “good practices” without first creating spaces for sharing these practices and assessing their outcomes/results. Indeed, interviewed practitioners expressed that “networking” was at the core of their needs (Hassan et al., 2019; Madriaza et al., 2019).Improving multiagency and multidisciplinary collaborations and practices in the PVR space is one of the most essential, yet challenging goals in this field (Fitzgerald, 2016).
The vPiP thus contributes in four unique ways to improving service delivery in the field of PVR in Canada.
- First, it will provide a currently non-existent online synchronous and asynchronous space in Canada dedicated to the sharing of knowledge and practices regarding cases of violent radicalization among practitioners
- Second, it will provide data on the outcomes of collaboration and networking among PVR multiagency and multidisciplinary teams in Canada.
- Third, it will provide support to PVR practitioners regardless of where they are located across Canada, filling a major service gap in many cities and provinces in the country.
- Finally, it will enhance coherence in risk assessment and case management tools/models among PVR practitioners in Canada, which will then lead the way for better-tailored interventions.